KEEP THE FIELDS!

PRESELECTED · Europan 15 (Sant Climent de Llobregat)

In collaboration with Adrian Río Lado (Datum Arquitectura), Gemma Milà and Corentin Berger (Atelier Berger Milà), Emmanuelle Blondeau and Léonard Cattoni

En los hábitats tradicionales vinculados a la producción primaria, los terrenos más fértiles ubicados en la parte baja de los valles eran los que tenían mayor valor y, por tanto, los que era necesario preservar. La arquitectura, capaz de asumir las irregularidades de la topografía (pendientes, espacios inundables, etc.), quedaba relegada a aquellos lugares menos aptos para el cultivo. El crecimiento de las ciudades hizo que muchos terrenos tradicionalmente destinados a cultivos incrementasen su valor desde el punto de vista económico, reduciendo drásticamente la superficie de aquellos que mantienen su función productiva.

Con nuestra propuesta pretendemos aprovechar la oportunidad que ofrece el ámbito para revertir esta situación, colocando de nuevo el valor productivo del suelo por encima del valor especulativo, y llevando la arquitectura a aquellos lugares donde resulta más complicada la producción. Por ello afirmamos con rotundidad que ¡los huertos no se tocan! No solo preservamos la estructura agraria actual sino que aumentamos su superficie generando nuevos bancales que permitan diversificar los cultivos, y proponemos una arquitectura que lidie de manera inteligente con el desnivel, aprovechando las ventajas que esto supone. El nuevo paseo cose las intervenciones propuestas a cota intermedia, liberando el cauce de la riera, permitiendo así su renaturalización.

Traditionally, in the areas linked to the primary sector, the fertile land is usually found in the plains of the valleys. As a result, this type of land had the highest value, and therefore, was kept unbuilt to ensure production. As architecture can deal with adverse topography and seasonal conditions, such as steep slopes, constructions were built in adjacent areas and freed all the land with favourable conditions for food production.

However, the expansion model of urban areas set economic pressure on the plain and fertile fields, becoming more profitable building houses than cultivating the land. This phenomenon dramatically decreased the available area of productive land. Our proposal for Sant Climent de Llobregat aims to reverse this trend, highlighting the value of the land as a productive resource over the value of the land as an available base for buildings. The proposal will help to diversify the different values of the land and architecture will take the land not suitable for food production but suitable to build. This is the reason why we claim KEEP THE FIELDS!

The general strategy preserves the existing agrarian structure of the fields around the masia (orchards, vegetable gardens, etc.) and extends this approach to the whole site. This strategy improves the productivity by creating terraces to increase the overall area of land suitable for food production, diversifying the crops and building the new mixed-use developments in the slope plots, resulting in a favourable topographic feature for bioclimatic and landscape integration design strategy. Additionally, the new pedestrian route unifies all the proposed interventions at an intermediate level height, freeing the riverbed to allow its renaturalization.

In our proposal, production (both material and knowledge) and socialisation merge together, boosting cooperative processes with the potential to transcend the narrowness of the production of vegetables as a rallying cry of the productive city. On top of that, we include complementary activities and collective spaces, public facilities and housing. We consider that in the right balance of the triad dwell, socialise and produce lies the key of the contemporary city, and we approach this discussion from a multi-scale analysis: from the territory to the domestic spaces and vice versa.

Architectures to dwell, socialise and produce